History 

  • First women admitted to Harvard Law School
  • Soviet Union detonates hydrogen bomb.
  • West Germany created as an independent state.
  • Armistice signed ending the Korean War.
    (Which probably saved some of the lives of the Class of 1953.)
  • Interstate highway system created.
  • Screen Actor's Guild adopts by-law banning Communists
  • The Tuskegee Institute announces that 1953 is the second year in a row in which there were no lynchings.
  • UFO crashes near Kingman, AZ..

People


Martin Luther King
 

  • Julius and Ethel Rosenberg executed.
  • Robert Oppenheimer accused of disloyalty.
  • Josef Stalin dies.
  • Nikita Khrushchev becomes USSR premier.
  • Dwight Eisenhower inaugurated president.
  • Elizabeth II crowned.
  • Edmund Hillary and Tenzin Norgay climb
    Mt Everest.
  • Earl Warren becomes Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
  • Martin Luther King becomes pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama
  • Eleanor Roosevelt offers to appear before Joseph McCarthy's Senate committee to challenge his accusations and tactics.
  • Winston Churchill wins the Nobel Peace Prize
  • Mohammed Mossadegh, the Prime Minister of Iran, removed from power in a coup d'état sponsored by British MI6 and US CIA.
Science & Industry

Dr Jonas Salk  
  • Purpose of DNA discovered.
  • Neutrinos discovered.
  • First use of heart-lung machine in surgery.
  • Dr. Jonas Salk announces discovery of the vaccine for poliomyelitis.
  • Inventions
    • Polyester.
    • Saran Wrap
    • Con-Tact paper
    • Cheez Whiz
  • NCR buys small electronics company that has experimented with computers.
  • TWA began the first nonstop, transcontinental passenger service from Los Angeles to New York City.
  • Boeing starts production on 707 jet airliner
Your Hit Parade

Teresa Brewer
 
  • Song from Moulin Rouge
  • Stranger in Paradise
  • How Much Is that Doggie in the Window
  • Vaya con Dios
  • No Other Love
  • Pretend
  • You, You, You.
  • I Believe
  • Till I Waltz Again with You.
  • That's Amoré
  • Crying in the Chapel
  • Changing Partners.
  • Elvis records first record (private).
TV

Red Skelton
 
  • First "compatible-color" TV broadcast.
  • Jackie Gleason
  • Red Skelton
  • Dragnet
  • I Love Lucy
  • Ed Sullivan
  • Arthur Godfrey Talent Show
  • Texaco Star Theater
  • The Danny Thomas Show
  • Fireside Theatre.

Movies 


Audrey Hepburn

  • From Here to Eternity - Best Picture
  • Stalag 17
  • Shane
  • Roman Holiday
  • Julius Caesar
  • The Robe - First use of CinemaScope
  • Stars
    • William Holden (Best Actor)
    • Audrey Hepburn (Best Actress)
    • Frank Sinatra (Best Supporting Actor)
    • Donna Reed (Best Supporting Actress)
  • Blue Moon is picketed because it uses the word "virgin."
Publications

Ernest Hemingway
 
  • The Old Man and the Sea (Ernest Hemingway) wins Pulitzer Prize for fiction.
  • The Robe is the best seller for 1953.
  • TV Guide - Launched by Walter Annenberg
  • Playboy - Launched,
    Marilyn Monroe is on the cover.
  • Casino Royale - Ian Fleming
  • Go Tell it on the Mountain - James Baldwin
  • Sexual Behavior of the Human Female
    - Alfred Kinsey
  • The Hungry Man's Outdoor Grill Cookbook
Broadway Hits 
  • The Crucible - Arthur Miller
  • Can-Can - Cole Porter
  • Picnic (William Inge) wins Pulitzer Prize for drama.

Prices


1953 Ford
 

  • Ford: $1,850
  • Gasoline: 29 cents/gal
  • House: $17,500 (Average)
  • Bread: 16 cents/loaf
  • Milk: 94 cents/gal
  • Postage Stamp: 3 cents
  • Stock Market: 281
  • Average Annual Salary: $4,700
  • Minimum Wage: 75 cents per hour